mind that small changes in temperature
have big effects on our planet's well being
was the warmest year of this century, based on land and ocean surface
temperature data, reports a team of scientists from the National Oceanic
and Atmospheric Administration's National Climatic Data Center in
by the Center's Senior Scientist Tom Karl, the team analyzed temperatures
from around the globe during the years 1900 to 1997 and back to 1880 for
land areas. For 1997, land and ocean temperatures averaged three quarters
of a degree Fahrenheit (F) (0.42 degrees Celsius (C)) above normal.
(Normal is defined by the mean temperature, 61.7 degrees F (16.5 degrees
C), for the 30 years 1961-90). The 1997 figure exceeds the previous warm
year, 1990, by 0.15 degrees F (0.08 degrees C).
record-breaking warm conditions of 1997 continues the pattern of very warm
global temperatures. Nine of the past eleven years have been the warmest
temperatures did not break the previous record set in 1990, but 1997
was one of the five warmest years since 1880. Including 1997, the top ten
warmest years over the land have all occurred since 1981, and the warmest
five years all since 1990. Land temperatures for 1997 averaged three
quarters of a degree F (0.42 degrees C) above normal, falling short of the
1990 record by one quarter of a degree F (0.14 degrees C).
temperatures during 1997 also averaged three quarters of a degree F
(0.42 degrees C) above normal, which makes it the warmest year on record,
exceeding the previous warm years of 1987 and 1995 by 0.3 of a degree F
(0.17 degrees C). The warm El Nino event (depicted as Sea
Surface Temperature Anomalies) contributed to the record warmth of the
oceans this year.
the new data factored in, global temperature warming trends now exceed 1.0
degree F (0.55 degrees C) per 100 years, with land temperatures warming at
a somewhat faster rate. "It is likely that the sustained trend
toward increasingly warmer global temperatures is related to anthropogenic
increases in greenhouse gases", Karl said.
here for reference