to Advanced Civilizations
Thousands of Years Ago
Joseph Robert Jochmans
- Walk into any
modern museum, or open any history textbook, and the picture of the
past presented is one in which humanity started from primitive
beginnings, and steadily progressed upward in the development of
culture and science. Most of the artifacts preserved in archaeological
and geological records have been neatly arranged to fit this accepted
linear view of our past.
- Yet many other
tantalizing bits and pieces unearthed offer a very different story of
what really happened. Called out-of-place artifacts, they don't fit
the established pattern of prehistory, pointing back instead to the
existence of advanced civilizations before any of the known ancient
cultures came into being.
- Though such
discoveries with their inherent sophistication are well-documented,
most historians would like to sweep these disturbing anomalies under
the proverbial rug. But the rug of true history is getting very lumpy,
and hard to step across without tripping over such obvious
contradictions to the conservative picture of antiquity.
- What's more, the
mysterious artifacts confirm ancient legends and stories which
describe human history not as linear, but cyclic. Forgotten ages and
former worlds rose and fell in great cycles of life and death over
millions of years, lost to our memory except in myths, and now,
through a few amazing pieces left to us. Here are the top ten
out-of-place artifacts and what they reveal to us about our missing
- 1. BAFFLING
BATTERIES OF BABYLON
- In 1938, Dr.
Wilhelm Kong, an Austrian archaeologist rummaging through the basement
of the museum made a find that was to drastically alter all concepts
of ancient science. A 6-inch-high pot of bright yellow clay dating
back two millennia contained a cylinder of sheet-copper 5 inches by
1.5 inches. The edge of the copper cylinder was soldered with a 60-40
lead-tin alloy comparable to today's best solder. The bottom of the
cylinder was capped with a crimped-in copper disk and sealed with
bitumen or asphalt. Another insulating layer of asphalt sealed the top
and also held in place an iron rod suspended into the center of the
copper cylinder. The rod showed evidence of having been corroded with
acid. With a background in mechanics, Dr. Konig recognized this
configuration was not a chance arrangement, but that the clay pot was
nothing less than an ancient electric battery.
- The ancient battery
in the Baghdad Museum as well as those others which were unearthed in
Iraq all date from the Parthian Persian occupation between 248 B.C.
and A.D. 226. However, Konig found copper vases plated with silver in
the Baghdad Museum excavated from Sumerian remains in southern Iraq
dating back to at least 2500 B.C. When the vases were lightly tapped a
blue patina or film separated from the surfaces, characteristic of
silver electroplated to copper. It would appear then that the Persians
inherited their batteries from the earliest known civilization in the
- 2. THE STRANGE
ELECTRON TUBES FROM DENDERA
- In different
locations within the Late Ptolemaic Temple of Hathor at Dendera in
Egypt are curious wall engravings which Egyptologists cannot explain
in traditional religio-mythic terms, but about which electrical
engineers are finding very modern interpretations.
- In one chamber, No.
17, the topmost panel, depicts Egyptian priests operating what look
like oblong tubes, performing various specific tasks. Each tube has a
serpent extending its full length inside. Swedish engineer Henry
Kjellson, in his book Forvunen Teknik (Disappeared Technology), noted
that in the hieroglyphs these serpents are translated as seref, which
means to glow, and believes it refers to some form of electrical
current. In the scene, to the extreme right appears a box on top where
sits an image of the Egyptian god Atum-Ra, which identifies the box as
the energy source. Attached to the box is a braided cable which
electromagnetics engineer Alfred D. Bielek identified as virtually an
exact copy of engineering illustrations used today for representing a
bundle of conducting electrical wires. The cable runs from the box the
full length of the floor of the picture, and terminates at both the
ends and at the bases of the tube objects. These objects each rest on
a pillar called a djed, which Bielek identified as a high-voltage
- The tube objects
look very much like TV picture tubes, an impression which is not far
from wrong, for electronics technician N. Zecharius has identified the
objects as Crookes or electron tubes, the forerunner of the modern
- Though the upper
chamber scenes have been damaged by vandals from a later age, other
pictures found inside the crypt below the Holy of Holies are almost
perfectly preserved, and their portrayal deepens the mystery of the
strange electron tubes even further. Here, not only are the tubes
shown in full operation, but something else has been added which may
suggest the ultimate purpose for the tubes themselves. In several
instances, both men and women are shown sitting underneath the tubes,
hands held out and cupped, which meant they were in a receptive mode.
What kind of radiation treatment was being performed here?
- 3. THE ENIGMA OF
THE ASHOKA PILLAR
- A testimony to
ancient metallurgical skills in Delhi, India is called the Ashoka
Pillar. Standing over 23 feet, it averages 16 inches in diameter and
weighs about 6 tons. The solid wrought-iron shaft is made up of
expertly welded discs. An inscription on the base is an epitaph to
King Chandra Gupta II, who died in A.D. 413.
- Despite being well
over a millennium and a half in age, the Pillar's constitution is
remarkably preserved. The smooth surface is like polished brass with
only occasional instances of pock-marks and weathering. The mystery is
that any equivalent mass of iron, subjected to the Indian monsoon
rains, winds and temperatures for 1,600 years or more would have been
reduced to rust long ago.
- Production of the
iron and the techniques of preservation are far beyond 5th century
abilities. It is probably far older, maybe several thousand years. Who
were the mysterious metallurgists who made this wonder, and what
happened to their civilization?
- 4. AN OUT-OF-PLACE
COMPUTER FROM ANTIKYTHERA
- A few days before
Easter Sunday in 1900, Greek sponge divers off the small island of
Antikythera discovered the remains of an ancient ship filled with
bronze and marble statues and assorted artifacts later dated between
85 and 50 B.C.
- Among the finds was
a small formless lump of corroded bronze and rotted wood. which was
sent along with the other artifacts to the National Museum in Athens
for further study. Soon, as the wood fragments dried and shrank from
exposure to air, the lump split open revealing inside the outlines of
a series of gear wheels like a modern clock.
- In 1958 Dr. Derek
J. de Solla Price successfully reconstructed the machine's appearance
and use. The gearing system calculated the annual movements of the sun
and moon. The arrangement shows that the gears could be moved forward
and backward with ease at any speed. The device was thus not a clock
but more like a calculator that could show the positions of the
heavens past, present and future.
- It is highly
possible that the device may have origins ages long before the Greeks,
and in a land far removed, now unknown.
- 5. FLIGHT IN
- In 1898 a curious
winged object was discovered in the tomb of Pa-di-Imen in north
Saqqara, Egypt dated to about 200 B.C. Because the birth of modern
aviation was still several years away, when the strange artifact was
sent to the Cairo Museum, it was catalogued and then shelved among
other miscellaneous items to gather dust.
- Seventy years
later, Dr. Kahlil Messiha, an Egyptologist and archaeologist, was
examining a Museum display labeled bird figurines. While most of the
display were indeed bird sculptures, the Saqqara artifact was
certainly not. It possessed characteristics never found on birds, yet
which are part of modern aircraft design. Dr. Messiha, a former model
plane enthusiast, immediately recognized the aircraft features and
persuaded the Egyptian Ministry of Culture to investigate.
- Made of very light
sycamore the craft weighs 0.5 oz. with straight and aerodynamically
shaped wings, spanning about 7 inches. A separate slotted piece fits
onto the tail precisely like the back tail wing on a modern plane.
- A full-scale
version could have flown carrying heavy loads, but at low speeds,
between 45 and 65 miles per hour. What is not known, however, is what
the power source was. The model makes a perfect glider as it is. Even
though over 2,000 years old, it will soar a considerable distance with
only a slight jerk of the hand. Fully restored balsa replicas travel
- Messiha notes that
the ancient Egyptians often built scale models of everything familiar
in their daily lives and placed them in their tombs, temples, ships,
chariots, servants, animals and so forth. Now that we have found a
model plane, Messiha wonders if perhaps somewhere under the desert
sands there may yet be unearthed the remains of life-sized gliders.
- 6. A JET FROM SOUTH
- In 1954 the
government of Colombia sent part of its collection of ancient gold
artifacts on a U. S. tour. Emmanuel Staubs, one of America's leading
jewelers, was commissioned to cast reproductions of six of the
objects. Fifteen years later one was given to biologist-zoologist Ivan
T. Sanderson for analysis. After a thorough examination and consulting
a number of experts, Sanderson's mind-boggling conclusion was that the
object is a model of a high-speed aircraft at least a thousand years
- Approximately 2
inches long the object was worn as a pendant on a neck chain. It was
classified as Sinu, a pre-Inca culture from A.D. 500 to 800. Both
Sanderson and Dr. Arthur Poyslee of the Aeronautical Institute of New
York concluded it did not represent any known winged animal. In fact,
the little artifact appears more mechanical than biological. For
example, the front wings are delta-shaped and rigidly straight edged,
- The rudder is
perhaps the most un-animal but airplane-like item. It is
right-triangle, flat-surfaced, and rigidly perpendicular to the wings.
Only fish have upright tail fins, but none have exclusively an upright
flange without a counter-balancing lower one. Adding to the mystery,
an insignia appears on the left face of the rudder, precisely where ID
marks appear on many airplanes today. The insignia is perhaps as
out-of place as the gold model itself, for it has been identified as
the Aramaic or early Hebrew letter beth or B. This may indicate that
the original plane did not come from Colombia, but was the product of
a very early people inhabiting the Middle East who knew the secret of
- 7. CRYSTAL SKULL
- Without doubt the
most famous and enigmatic ancient crystal is the skull, discovered in
1927 by F.A. Mitchell-Hedges atop a ruined temple at the ancient Mayan
city of Lubaantum, in British Honduras, now Belize.
- The skull was made
from a single block of clear quartz, 5 inches high, 7 inches long and
5 inches wide. It is about the size of a small human cranium, with
near perfect detail. In 1970, art restorer Frank Dorland was given
permission to submit the skull to tests at the Hewlitt-Packard
Laboratories. Revealed were many anomalies.
- The skull had been
carved with total disregard to the natural crystal axis, a process
unheard-of in modern crystallography. No metal tools were used.
Dorland was unable to find any tell-tale scratch marks. Indeed, most
metals would have been ineffectual. A modern penknife cannot mark it.
From tiny patterns near the carved surfaces, Dorland determined it was
first chiseled into rough form, probably using diamonds. The finer
shaping, grinding and polishing, Dorland believes, was done with
innumerable applications of water and silicon-crystal sand. If true,
it would have taken 300 years of continuous labor. We must accept this
almost unimaginable feat, or admit to the use of some form of lost
- Modern science is
stumped to explain the skill and knowledge incorporated. As Garvin
summarized: It is virtually impossible today, in the time when men
have climbed mountains on the moon, to duplicate this achievement...It
would not be a question of skill, patience and time. It would simply
be impossible. As one crystallographer from Hewlitt-Packard said, The
damned thing shouldn't be.
- 8. WHO SHOT
- The Museum of
Natural History in London displays an early Paleolithic skull, dated
at 38,000 years old, and excavated in 1921 in modern Zambia. On the
left side of the skull is a perfectly round hole nearly a third of an
inch in diameter. Curiously, there are no radial split-lines around
the hole or other marks that should have been left by a cold weapon,
such as an arrow or spear. Opposite the hole, the cranium is
shattered, and reconstruction of the fragments show the skull was
blown from the inside out, as from a rifle shot. In fact, any slower a
projectile would have produced neither the neat hole nor the
shattering effect. Forensic experts who have examined the skull agree
the cranial damage could not have been caused by anything but a
high-speed projectile, purposely fired at the prehistoric victim, with
intent to kill.
- If such a weapon
was indeed fired at the man, then one of two conclusions can be made:
Either the specimen is not as old as it is claimed to be, and was shot
by a European in recent centuries, or the remains are as old as
claimed, and the marksman was ancient too. In view of the fact that
the Paleolithic skull was excavated from a depth of 60 feet, mostly of
lead rock, the second conclusion is more plausible. But who possessed
gunpowder 38,000 years ago? Certainly not Stone Age man himself.
Another race must have existed, one far more advanced and civilized,
yet contemporary. The question is, where did that rifle-toting
marksman call home?
- 9. THE INCREDIBLE
STONES OF DR. CABRERA
- A very unique
time-capsule of images is housed in a warehouse in Ica, Peru. Here are
some 20,000 stone boulders, tablets, and baseball-sized rocks,
decorated with an astounding assortment of pictures, in many cases
very much out of time and place. The owner is local physician, amateur
archeologist and geologist Dr. Javier Cabrera Darquea.
- Most material
employed is a gray andesite, an extremely hard granitic
semi-crystalline matrix, that is very difficult to carve. But as Dr.
Cabrera observed, People have been finding these engraved stones in
the region for years. They were first seen and recorded by Jesuit
missionary Father Simon, who accompanied Pizarro in 1525. Samples were
shipped to Spain in 1562.
- The stone portraits
show very sophisticated surgery skills and medical knowledge, in some
cases as advanced, and even more advanced, than today. There are
scenes of Caesarean sections, blood transfusions, the use of
acupuncture needles as an anesthetic (which only gained use in the
West since the late 1970s), delicate operations on the lungs and
kidneys, and removal of cancerous tumors. There are likewise detailed
images of open heart and open brain surgery, as well as 20 stones
showing a step-by-step heart transplant procedure.
- This is a
disturbing revelation in itself, that someone in unknown antiquity
achieved a level of sophistication rivaling our own. But there are
other pictures even more out-of-place. As Dr. Cabrera noted, and as
has been verified by other medical physicians, there are stone
etchings which show a brain transplant. The prehistoric surgeons, it
is evident, possessed knowledge several steps beyond modern-day
- 10. MANUFACTURED
METALS MILLIONS OF YEARS OLD
- For the past three
decades miners at the Wonderstone Silver Mine near Ottosdal in the
Western Transvaal, South Africa, have been extracting out of deep rock
several strange metallic spheroids. So far at least 200 have been
found. In 1979, several were closely examined by J.R. McIver,
professor of geology at the University of Witwaterstand in
Johannesburg, and geologist professor Andries Bisschoff of
- The metallic
spheroids look like flattened globes, averaging 1 to 4 inches in
diameter, and their exteriors usually are colored steel blue with a
reddish reflection, and embedded in the metal are tiny flecks of white
fibers. They are made of a nickel-steel alloy which does not occur
naturally, and is of a composition that rules them out, being of
meteoric origin. Some have only a thin shell about a quarter of an
inch thick, and when broken open are found filled with a strange
spongy material that disintegrated into dust on contact with the air.
- What makes all this
very remarkable is that the spheroids were mined out of a layer of
pyrophyllite rock, dated both geologically and by the various
radio-isotope dating techniques as being at least 2.8 to 3 billion
- Adding mystery to
mystery, Roelf Marx, curator of the South African Klerksdorp Museum,
has discovered that the spheroid he has on exhibit slowly rotates on
its axis by its own power, while locked in its display case and free
of outside vibrations. There may thus be an energy extant within these
spheroids still operating after three eons of time.
For more on these
ancient artifacts, please visit the following link...
Ancient Civilization Index
- Lit. D.